What Exactly is this JQuery Mobile that they use for Mobile Application Development?

I have been doing normal html, and interactive websites/ web apps using PHP/MySql for quite some time now, and now I was getting curious as to the new trend of mobile application development.

In my earlier post I talked about how I went in search of the best tools for mobile development.

I finally found my way to JQuery Mobile (JQM). And after all the talk and buzz around the tech space about developing mobile sites with JQuery mobile, I discovered that it isn’t as dreadful and uphill as people make you think.

The first thing you need to know is that JQuery mobile or JQM as it is often referred to as, is only just JQuery with an added css file for mobile rendering and a juery mobile javascript file.

So all you need to set up a mobile friendly page is add these 3 files to your header.

jquery.mobile-1.1.0.min.css,

jquery-1.7.1.min.js,

jquery.mobile-1.1.0.min.js

You will have to forget about XHTML validation in this case. Below is the typical structure of the head of a mobile page. You don’t have to start by creating a theme in themeroller as the default JQM theme is just good enough for you to start practicing with right away.

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<head>

<meta name=”viewport” content=”width=device-width, initial-scale=1″ />

<link rel=”stylesheet” href=”css/jquery.mobile-1.1.0.min.css” />

<script type=”text/javascript” src=”js/jquery-1.7.1.min.js”></script>

<script type=”text/javascript” src=”js/jquery.mobile-1.1.0.min.js”></script>

</head>

<body>


Once you have these files in your header you are ready to start using JQM to perform all the mobile magic wonders that you see the so-called “mobile-experts” performing.

You can create lists that look like a phone’s native application navigation list and those fancy rounded buttons that slide into different pages when you click them, all simply using very basic html tag properties called the data-role.

For a detailed guide on the different features and properties in JQM, you may visit the JQuery mobile introduction page here.

After you are done with learning the HTML tag structures and properties in JQM, you can then add PHP into the mix to generate valid JQM tags that will render perfectly in mobile browsers.

The built-in Ajax functionality in JQM means you don’t have to worry about how to communicate with your scripts on the server, just return the results in a suitable format.

Finally, if you need to convert your mobile site into a native phone application, there are several tools that will take your pages and compile them into any platform of your choice.

A good example is PhoneGap.

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